Collaborating With Parents:
Using Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status To Detect and Address Developmental and Behavioral Problems
Table of Contents
SECTION I: APPLICATION
I. Introduction - How to Use this Book
Provides highlights of the entire manual. Describes the technique, Parents’ Evaluations of Developmental Status (PEDS). Provides a rationale for its development. Explains its costs, accuracy, contribution to program management, and long-term follow-up.
II. Specific Administration Guidelines and Decision-Making
Provides an overview of the PEDS process. Describes how the measure is used. Includes examples of actual encounters with children and families. Shows the method for decision-making regarding developmental and behavioral issues.
III. When Parents Need Advice on Developmental and Behavioral Issues
Describes what to do when parents have concerns but children are developing normally. Reviews evidence on effective, brief, parent education practices. Provides written leaflets to assist with parent education. Identifies sources for additional materials. Describes how to promote optimal development and behavior.
IV. When Additional Screening is Needed
For about 20% of patients, referral/nonreferral decisions are ambiguous, and further screening will be required. This chapter describes how to use screening measures in conjunction with PEDS, where to find screening services if your office does not have time and identifies tests which contribute to accurate decisions. Several public domain screening measures are included in this chapter.
V. Interpreting Results to Families
Describes what to say and not to say on the basis of PEDS or other screening test results based on available research. Explains how to encourage families to follow through on referrals. Describes referral resources.
SECTION II: REVIEW OF BACKGROUND LITERATURE
VI. Background Research on Child Development, Early Intervention, Screening and Surveillance
Describes issues in the measurement of development. Presents research on early intervention and its effectiveness. Includes a discussion of issues in screening versus surveillance and the challenges of relying on clinical judgment in early detection.
VII. Background Research on Using Information from Parents
Describes various approaches and challenges to eliciting and using information from parents. Identifies how parents form their appraisals. Describes pilot research on PEDS.
SECTION III. THE PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF PEDS
Describes how parent-child dyads were selected; how and where PEDS research was conducted. Illustrates the representativeness of the PEDS sample and answers questions about how parents’ concerns vary by children’s ages and other family characteristics.
Presents data on PEDS’ inter-rater and test-retest reliability, and internal consistency.
Describes how children’s development was measured in PEDS research. Presents data on the concurrent and discriminant validity.
Defines accuracy constructs and presents data on the sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of PEDS.
XII. New Research
Provides updates on ongoing and recently completed studies and offers suggestions for additional studies on PEDS.
If you need specific information about the content of the manual, PEDS research, or have questions about using PEDS, please view the PEDS research pages or contact us.
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